Sustainable Rural Development in Northern Cambodia Focusing on Agro-ecological Balance

Mostly, villagers discuss about their livelihood, farming practice, and related topic in the morning unofficially.
Traditional way of carrying agricultural products, traditional backpack produces from bamboo and wood.
A combination of rice and cashew farming is a land use strategy for developing forest to cashew farm.
Shifting cultivation, rice base production system, cultivates without growing fruit tree or cashew in the middle.
Rubber plantation located in Malik commune (Khum Malik), Ratanakiri province.

A wide variety of agricultural practices is found in northeastern Cambodia, ranging from large-scale rubber plantation to indigenous shifting cultivation of upland rice. Each of them is sensitively affected by recent changes in both socio-economic and physical conditions, including extreme climate and hydrological behaviour related to the upstream dam construction. This study clarifies 1) agro-ecological characteristics of production systems in Ratanakiri province, 2) vulnerability of the systems to social and physical impacts and people’s response, and 3) suggestions to possible solutions toward sustainable development of the area, by way of field survey and experiments, and remote sensing/GIS application.
Cambodian northeastern province of Ratanakiri populated 94,243 people and population increased to 149,997 people in 2008 with increasing rate 4.65 percent per year. Approximately, ten ethnic minority groups composed 62.63% of population. The study conducted in Phi village where located in the Sesan commune of the Ouyadav districts and approximately 61 km in the in eastern of the provincial capital, Banlung. The villagers are Djarai ethnolinguistic group. 

京都大学大学院 地球環境学堂 地域資源計画論研究室