Urban land use dynamics are the direct consequence of the actions of individuals, public, and private corporations acting simultaneously in time over the urban space. The speed and intensity of urban expansion created pressure for change in the land use pattern. Therefore, it is important to identify the driving forces of land use changes in order to understand what the change process is and also to predict substantial changes in the speed and intensity of land-use changes in urban regions.
One of regions which experiencing the highest pressure from urban expansion in Indonesia is Jabodetabek region. It is the largest metropolitan areas in Indonesia which located on Java Island. Jabodetabek region consist of Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, and its surrounding areas, namely Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi. Jabodetabek region only consists of 0.35% of total area of Indonesia, and inhabited by 11% of total population, but it’s contributes around 25% of total national GDP. It means that Jabodetabek has important roles in national economic development. Jabodetabek region becomes a center of national activities that are characterized by high population density and spatial interaction between regions. The size of population and high economic growth in this area led to significant increased demand for space. Those two components become the factors of urban expansion and high rates of land-use conversion into industrial areas and settlements in Jabodetabek region.
The objectives of this research are:
- To clarify the dynamics of land use changes in Jabodetabek Region;
- To determine the driving forces/factors that affecting the land-use changes;
- To develop several scenarios of regional planning policies on Jabodetabek region to support more productive, comfortable, and sustainable development.
This research is conducting mainly by building spatial modeling. The results of land use models are important to evaluate policy options and assess the impact of land use change on natural and socio-economic conditions.